The Russian Federation has more territory than any other country globally, spread over two continents and northern Eurasia. Russia human rights violations. It has a total population of 142 million, of which 80% are ethnic Russians. Russia is a diverse country, but more than 150 different ethnic groups and indigenous peoples live within its borders. Its political structure is governed by a constitution passed in 1993 under Boris Yeltsin. Although a so-called democracy with periodic elections, the constitution gave the president broad powers over legislative and executive functions. In the 2000s, President Vladimir Putin exploited these institutional leaders to gain the kind of dictatorship commonly associated with authoritarianism.
Human rights in Russia
One of the most significant human rights concerns in the Russian Federation is the ongoing conflict in the North Caucasus. Reports of disappearances, killings of civilians, and violence are common. Efforts are underway to silence dissent over the violence.
According to human rights defenders, over a year in Chechnya, police continued a campaign of illegal detentions and torture of men believed to be gay or bisexual. Media reports and human rights groups estimate that up to 60 people were affected during the year.
In May, the NGO Human Rights Watch released a report based on interviews with four people who were detained for periods of three and 20 days between December 2018 and February 2019 at the Grozny Internal Affairs Department compound, where the law enforcement officials reportedly kicked them, beat them with sticks and pipes. They were denied food and water, and three out of four were hit by electric shocks.
All four told in an interview that many other people had been subjected to the same treatment. Because of their originality or is considered a sexual phenomenon. According to the Russian LGBT network, On April 1, more than 150 LGBTI people fled Chechnya the campaign, leaving the country.
Courts have ruled in several cases of terrorism or extremism on charges of violence, suspected analysts, and reliance on secret witnesses.
In December 2019, 11 people were sentenced to 19 years to life in prison for the 2017 St. Petersburg Metro bombing. Russian authorities have never investigated credible allegations of violence or fabricated evidence.
Since 2015, the country’s forces have conducted military operations, including airstrikes, in the ongoing conflict in Syria. According to human rights organizations, the country’s forces have taken steps such as bombing urban areas that deliberately target civilian infrastructure.
Citizens are also victims of attacks, killings, and shelling on cities and villages. While human rights activists were investigating, Russian forces shelled the area around the university in Grozny. Troops killed at least six men. The university reopened despite a shortage of electricity and books. In other cases, several people were injured and killed by explosive devices, including landmines.
Conditions in prisons and detention centers varied but were often severe and deadly. Large crowds, abuse of guards and prisoners, limited access to health care, food shortages, and inadequate sanitation were common in prisons, penal colonies, and other detention facilities. Russia human rights violations.